Quantum Structures: Photonics and Transport, 6 credits

Kvantstrukturer: fotonik och transport, 6 hp

TFYA91

The course is disused.
All instances mentioned below are cancelled.

Main field of study

Applied Physics Physics

Course level

Second cycle

Course type

Programme course

Examiner

Fredrik Karlsson

Director of studies or equivalent

Magnus Boman

Education components

Preliminary scheduled hours: 54 h
Recommended self-study hours: 106 h

Available for exchange students

Yes
ECV = Elective / Compulsory / Voluntary
Course offered for Semester Period Timetable module Language Campus ECV N.B.
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering (Materials and Nano Physics) 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering (Materials and Nano Physics) 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering (Materials and Nano Physics) 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering (Materials and Nano Physics) 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering (Materials and Nano Physics) 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering (Theory, Modelling and Visualization) 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering (Theory, Modelling and Visualization) 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering (Theory, Modelling and Visualization) 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering (Theory, Modelling and Visualization) 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering (Theory, Modelling and Visualization) 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYY Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering, M Sc in Engineering 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYY Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering, M Sc in Engineering (Materials and Nano Physics) 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6CYYY Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering, M Sc in Engineering (Theory, Modelling and Visualization) 9 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6MMSN Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Master's Programme 3 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6MFYS Physics and Nanoscience, Master's Programme 3 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6MFYS Physics and Nanoscience, Master's Programme (Experimentell fysik) 3 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED
6MFYS Physics and Nanoscience, Master's Programme (Teoretisk fysik) 3 (Autumn 2018) 1 1 English Linköping E CANCELLED

Main field of study

Applied Physics, Physics

Course level

Second cycle

Advancement level

A1X

Course offered for

  • Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering, M Sc in Engineering
  • Materials Science and Nanotechnology, Master's Programme
  • Physics and Nanoscience, Master's Programme
  • Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, M Sc in Engineering

Specific information

The course is not offered during 2018.

Entry requirements

Note: Admission requirements for non-programme students usually also include admission requirements for the programme and threshold requirements for progression within the programme, or corresponding.

Prerequisites

Physics of Condenced Matter (part 1), Quantum Mechanics.

Intended learning outcomes

After the course, the student should be able to

    •    explain optical, electronic och transport related properties of quantum structures

    •    explain and exemplify crystal structures, band models, doping and the effect of doping on the properties of  quantum structures

    •    explain the effects of reduced dimensionality of a quantum structure

    •    explain the principles for quantum devices, for control and measurements of individual electrons and photons

    •    compute parameters such as carrier density, Fermi-level, doping and quantum states from given experimental data

    •    demonstrate an ability to choose and use relevant computational approaches for computing doping properties and quantization effects in quantum structures.

    •    use optical characterization techniques at cryo-temperatures

    •    write a report in English with analysis of experimental data and estimation of errors

    •    independently acquire essential information, interpret the results and perform analysis on information obtained from scientific articles

Course content

The objective of the course is to transfer a basic understanding of fundamental properties and characteristics of quantum structures, and how these properties can be exploited for applications in photonics, electronics, and future quantum technologies. Within the frame of the course, a description of the important methods to fabricate, characterize and model epitaxial quantum structures. The course aims at an improved understanding of the effects caused by a reduction of the dimensionality of a semiconductor; from the 3-dimensional bulk, via 2- and 1-dimensional quantum wells and -wires, to 0-dimensional quantum dots.

 

    •    Methods for fabrication of epitaxial quantum heterostructures

    •    Defects in semiconductors, the effective mass model

    •    Models for energy bands and quantized energy levels in defects, quantum wells, wires and dots

    •    Internal strain and electric fields in heterostructures

    •    Distribution functions for electrons and holes, density of states and doping

    •    Transport properties and scattering processes in low-dimensional systems, including resonant tunneling, quantized conductance, and the quantized Hall effect

    •    Optical properties, absorption, and low-dimensional excitons

    •    Recombination processes, the Purcell effect and quantum electrodynamics

    •    Concepts for manipulation and measurement of individual electrons and photons

    •    Applications and potential applications of quantum structures

 

Laboratory Exercises

    •    Absorption and recombination in quantum structures with luminescence based spectroscopy

    •    Numerical approaches for modeling of quantized states and band structure

Teaching and working methods

Lectures, tutorial sessions and laboratory exercises. The tutorial sessions are mainly focused on problem solving, but can to some extent also include demonstration of research facilities. The laboratory exercises includes moderna approaches for characterization and modeling of quantum structures.

Examination

LAB1Laboratory Work2 creditsU, G
TEN1Written Examination4 creditsU, 3, 4, 5

Grades

Four-grade scale, LiU, U, 3, 4, 5

Department

Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi

Director of Studies or equivalent

Magnus Boman

Examiner

Fredrik Karlsson

Course website and other links

http://www.ifm.liu.se/undergrad/fysikgtu/coursepage.html?selection=all&sort=kk

Education components

Preliminary scheduled hours: 54 h
Recommended self-study hours: 106 h

Course literature

Books

  • Davies, John H, Davies, John H, (2009) The physics of low-dimensional semiconductors : an introduction
    ISBN: 9780521481489, 9780521484916

Articles

  • H. L. Stormer, The quantized Hall effect Science 220/1983/1241

Other

  • Utdelat material, forskningsartiklar
Code Name Scope Grading scale
LAB1 Laboratory Work 2 credits U, G
TEN1 Written Examination 4 credits U, 3, 4, 5

Books

Davies, John H, Davies, John H, (2009) The physics of low-dimensional semiconductors : an introduction

ISBN: 9780521481489, 9780521484916

Articles

H. L. Stormer, The quantized Hall effect Science 220/1983/1241

Other

Utdelat material, forskningsartiklar

Note: The course matrix might contain more information in Swedish.

I = Introduce, U = Teach, A = Utilize
I U A Modules Comment
1. DISCIPLINARY KNOWLEDGE AND REASONING
1.1 Knowledge of underlying mathematics and science (G1X level)

                            
1.2 Fundamental engineering knowledge (G1X level)

                            
1.3 Further knowledge, methods, and tools in one or several subjects in engineering or natural science (G2X level)

                            
1.4 Advanced knowledge, methods, and tools in one or several subjects in engineering or natural sciences (A1X level)

                            
1.5 Insight into current research and development work

                            
2. PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL SKILLS AND ATTRIBUTES
2.1 Analytical reasoning and problem solving

                            
2.2 Experimentation, investigation, and knowledge discovery

                            
2.3 System thinking

                            
2.4 Attitudes, thought, and learning

                            
2.5 Ethics, equity, and other responsibilities

                            
3. INTERPERSONAL SKILLS: TEAMWORK AND COMMUNICATION
3.1 Teamwork

                            
3.2 Communications

                            
3.3 Communication in foreign languages

                            
4. CONCEIVING, DESIGNING, IMPLEMENTING AND OPERATING SYSTEMS IN THE ENTERPRISE, SOCIETAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT
4.1 External, societal, and environmental context

                            
4.2 Enterprise and business context

                            
4.3 Conceiving, system engineering and management

                            
4.4 Designing

                            
4.5 Implementing

                            
4.6 Operating

                            
5. PLANNING, EXECUTION AND PRESENTATION OF RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS WITH RESPECT TO SCIENTIFIC AND SOCIETAL NEEDS AND REQUIREMENTS
5.1 Societal conditions, including economic, social, and ecological aspects of sustainable development for knowledge development

                            
5.2 Economic conditions for knowledge development

                            
5.3 Identification of needs, structuring and planning of research or development projects

                            
5.4 Execution of research or development projects

                            
5.5 Presentation and evaluation of research or development projects

                            

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