Nanophysics, 6 credits

Nanofysik, 6 hp

TFYM03

Main field of study

Applied Physics Physics

Course level

Second cycle

Course type

Programme course

Examiner

Plamen Paskov

Director of studies or equivalent

Magnus Boman

Education components

Preliminary scheduled hours: 48 h
Recommended self-study hours: 112 h

Available for exchange students

Yes
Course offered for Semester Period Timetable module Language Campus ECV
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Chinese 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Chinese (Applied Physics - Materials and Nano Physics) 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Chinese (Photonics and Quantum Technology) 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, French 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, French (Applied Physics - Materials and Nano Physics) 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, French (Photonics and Quantum Technology) 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, German 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, German (Applied Physics - Materials and Nano Physics) 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, German (Photonics and Quantum Technology) 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Japanese 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Japanese (Applied Physics - Materials and Nano Physics) 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Japanese (Photonics and Quantum Technology) 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Spanish 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Spanish (Applied Physics - Materials and Nano Physics) 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Spanish (Photonics and Quantum Technology) 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYY Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering, Master of Science in Engineering 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYY Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering, Master of Science in Engineering (Applied Physics - Materials and Nano Physics) 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6CYYY Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering, Master of Science in Engineering (Photonics and Quantum Technology) 9 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
6MMNQ Materials Physics for Nano and Quantum Technology, Master's Programme 3 (Autumn 2022) 1 3 English Linköping E
ECV = Elective / Compulsory / Voluntary

Main field of study

Applied Physics, Physics

Course level

Second cycle

Advancement level

A1X

Specific information

The course can not be included in degree together with TFYA91, TFYY54.

Course offered for

  • Master of Science in Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering
  • Master of Science in Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International
  • Master's Programme in Materials Physics for Nano and Quantum Technology

Prerequisites

Solid state physics.

Intended learning outcomes

The aim of this course is to give an introduction to the semiconductor physics at the nanometer scale. The participants in the course obtain basic understanding of the principles, fabrication and characterization methods, and application aspects of low-dimensional semiconductor structures. After the course the students should be able to:

  • define the fundamental physical principles, which govern properties of the semiconductor materials and predict the effects of reduced dimensionality on optical, electronic and transport-related properties in quantum structures
  • describe and evaluate the different fabrication methods of semiconductor nanostructures - quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots
  • apply imaging and optical characterization techniques, perform analysis of the obtained information and write a lab report in English
  • explain the operation principles of nanoelectronic and nanophotonic devices and identify the their area of applications.

Course content

A. Introduction to the semiconductor physics and nanostructures – scaling laws at nanoscale; quantum nature of nanoworld; semiconductor band structure and effective masses; phonons, free charge cariers and scattering processes; quantized electronic levels in quantum wells, quantum wires and quatum dots.

B. Fabrication and characterization of semiconductor nanostructures - epitaxial techniques for growth of quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots; imaging techniques for structural analysis of semiconductor nanostructures; spectroscopic methods for characterization of quantized electronic levels; local probe spectroscopy.  

C. Properties and application of semiconductor nanostructures - optical properties of quantum wells, quantum wires and quantum dots - absorption, emission, excitons, carrier relaxation and recombination; quandum electon transport in semiconductor heterostructures (two-dimensional electron gas) and in quantum wires (ballistic transport); nanophotonic devices - light-emission diodes, laser diodes, photodetectors and solar cells; nanoelectronic devices - high-mobility field-effect transistors, resonant tunneling diodes, single-electron transistors.

Teaching and working methods

Lectures and laboratory exercises. Project work based on a literature survey of a special topic in nanophysics.

Examination

UPG2Project Work2 creditsU, 3, 4, 5
LAB1Laboratory Work1 creditsU, G
UPG1Assignments3 creditsU, G

Grades

Four-grade scale, LiU, U, 3, 4, 5

Other information

About teaching and examination language

The teaching language is presented in the Overview tab for each course. The examination language relates to the teaching language as follows: 

  • If teaching language is “Swedish”, the course as a whole could be given in Swedish, or partly in English. Examination language is Swedish, but parts of the examination can be in English.
  • If teaching language is “English”, the course as a whole is taught in English. Examination language is English.
  • If teaching language is “Swedish/English”, the course as a whole will be taught in English if students without prior knowledge of the Swedish language participate. Examination language is Swedish or English depending on teaching language.

Other

The course is conducted in a manner where both men's and women's experience and knowledge are made visible and developed. 

The planning and implementation of a course should correspond to the course syllabus. The course evaluation should therefore be conducted with the course syllabus as a starting point.  

If special circumstances prevail, the vice-chancellor may in a special decision specify the preconditions for temporary deviations from this course syllabus, and delegate the right to take such decisions.

Department

Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi

Course literature

Regulary literature

Books

  • M. Grundmann, (2010) The Physics of Semiconductors - An Introduction Including Nanophysics and Applications Springer

Additional literature

Books

  • D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, N. N. Ledentsov, (1999) Quantum dot heterostructures John Wiley & Sons
  • E. L. Wolf, (2004) Nanophysics and nanotechnology: An introduction to modern concepts in nanoscience Wiley-VCH
Code Name Scope Grading scale
UPG2 Project Work 2 credits U, 3, 4, 5
LAB1 Laboratory Work 1 credits U, G
UPG1 Assignments 3 credits U, G

Regulary literature

Books

M. Grundmann, (2010) The Physics of Semiconductors - An Introduction Including Nanophysics and Applications Springer

Additional literature

Books

D. Bimberg, M. Grundmann, N. N. Ledentsov, (1999) Quantum dot heterostructures John Wiley & Sons
E. L. Wolf, (2004) Nanophysics and nanotechnology: An introduction to modern concepts in nanoscience Wiley-VCH

Note: The course matrix is not fully translated to English.

I U A Modules Comment
1. ÄMNESKUNSKAPER
1.1 Kunskaper i grundläggande matematiska och naturvetenskapliga ämnen
X
X
X
UPG1
LAB1
UPG2
1.2 Kunskaper i grundläggande (motsvarande G1X) teknikvetenskapliga ämnen
X
X
UPG1
LAB1
1.3 Fördjupade kunskaper (motsvarande G2X), metoder och verktyg inom något/några teknik- och naturvetenskapliga ämnen
X
UPG1
LAB1
1.4 Väsentligt fördjupade kunskaper (motsvarande A1X), metoder och verktyg inom något/några teknik- och naturvetenskapliga ämnen
X
UPG1
1.5 Insikt i aktuellt forsknings- och utvecklingsarbete
X
UPG2
2. INDIVIDUELLA OCH YRKESMÄSSIGA FÄRDIGHETER OCH FÖRHÅLLNINGSSÄTT
2.1 Analytiskt tänkande och problemlösning
X
X
X
UPG1
2.2 Experimenterande och undersökande arbetssätt samt kunskapsbildning
X
X
LAB1
UPG2
2.3 Systemtänkande
X
X
UPG2
2.4 Förhållningssätt, tänkande och lärande
X
X
X
UPG1
LAB1
UPG2
2.5 Etik, likabehandling och ansvarstagande
X
X
UPG1
LAB1
UPG2
3. FÖRMÅGA ATT ARBETA I GRUPP OCH ATT KOMMUNICERA
3.1 Arbete i grupp
X
X
X
LAB1
3.2 Kommunikation
X
X
X
UPG1
LAB1
UPG2
3.3 Kommunikation på främmande språk
X
X
UPG1
LAB1
UPG2
4. PLANERING, UTVECKLING, REALISERING OCH DRIFT AV TEKNISKA PRODUKTER OCH SYSTEM MED HÄNSYN TILL AFFÄRSMÄSSIGA OCH SAMHÄLLELIGA BEHOV OCH KRAV
4.1 Samhälleliga villkor, inklusive ekonomiskt, socialt och ekologiskt hållbar utveckling för kunskapsutveckling
4.2 Företags- och affärsmässiga villkor
4.3 Att identifiera behov samt strukturera och planera utveckling av produkter och system
X
UPG2
4.4 Att konstruera produkter och system
4.5 Att realisera produkter och system
4.6 Att ta i drift och använda produkter och system
X
LAB1
5. PLANERING, GENOMFÖRANDE OCH PRESENTATION AV FORSKNINGS- ELLER UTVECKLINGSPROJEKT MED HÄNSYN TILL VETENSKAPLIGA OCH SAMHÄLLELIGA BEHOV OCH KRAV
5.1 Samhälleliga villkor, inklusive ekonomiskt, socialt och ekologiskt hållbar utveckling
5.2 Ekonomiska villkor för kunskapsutveckling
5.3 Att identifiera behov samt strukturera och planera forsknings- eller utvecklingsprojekt
X
UPG2
5.4 Att genomföra forsknings- eller utvecklingsprojekt
X
UPG2
5.5 Att redovisa och utvärdera forsknings- eller utvecklingsprojekt
X
X
UPG2

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