Modern Optics, 6 credits

Modern optik, 6 hp

TFYA97

Main field of study

Applied Physics Physics

Course level

Second cycle

Course type

Programme course

Examiner

Kenneth Järrendahl

Director of studies or equivalent

Magnus Boman

Education components

Preliminary scheduled hours: 52 h
Recommended self-study hours: 108 h

Available for exchange students

Yes
ECV = Elective / Compulsory / Voluntary
Course offered for Semester Period Timetable module Language Campus ECV
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Chinese 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Chinese (Applied Physics - Materials and Nano Physics) 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Chinese (Photonics and Quantum Technology) 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping C
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, French 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, French (Applied Physics - Materials and Nano Physics) 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, French (Photonics and Quantum Technology) 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping C
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, German 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, German (Applied Physics - Materials and Nano Physics) 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, German (Photonics and Quantum Technology) 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping C
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Japanese 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Japanese (Applied Physics - Materials and Nano Physics) 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Japanese (Photonics and Quantum Technology) 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping C
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Spanish 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Spanish (Applied Physics - Materials and Nano Physics) 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6CYYI Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International, Master of Science in Engineering, Spanish (Photonics and Quantum Technology) 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping C
6CYYY Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering, Master of Science in Engineering 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6CYYY Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering, Master of Science in Engineering (Applied Physics - Materials and Nano Physics) 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6CYYY Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering, Master of Science in Engineering (Photonics and Quantum Technology) 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping C
6CMED Biomedical Engineering, Master of Science in Engineering 7 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping E
6MMNQ Materials Physics for Nano and Quantum Technology, Master's Programme 1 (Autumn 2023) 1 4 English Linköping C

Main field of study

Applied Physics, Physics

Course level

Second cycle

Advancement level

A1X

Course offered for

  • Master of Science in Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering
  • Master of Science in Applied Physics and Electrical Engineering - International
  • Master's Programme in Materials Physics for Nano and Quantum Technology
  • Master of Science in Biomedical Engineering

Prerequisites

Bachelor level mathematics and physics. In particular Calculus, Linear algebra, Electromagnetics, Wave physics and Optics.

Intended learning outcomes

The aim of the course is to give in-depth knowledge of optics.
After successful examination the student should be able to …

I. ...reproduce, explain, analyze, and use physical concepts, relations, and methods related to wave optics.

II. ...reproduce, explain, analyze, and use physical concepts, relations, and methods related to materials optics.

III. ...reproduce, explain, analyze, and use physical concepts, relations, and methods related to polarization optics.

IV. ...reproduce, explain, analyze, and use physical concepts, relations, and methods related to ray optics and particle optics.

Course content

The course aims to provide in-depth knowledge of several of the fields of optics. The purpose is also to be a link between basic optics courses and the content covered in more specialized optics courses and to disseminate knowledge in optics to prepare for industrial applications and to understand on an overall level the results of ongoing international optics research. The ambition is to describe the path from theory to application and at the same time provide models, methodology and tools that are practically useful. For the engineer, studies include mathematical models for analysis with the aim of providing physical / mathematical tools that are useful for developing and describing the optical systems, methods and components that exist in different environments in society and that need further development. For the curious physicist, basic theory is anchored in physics with the aim of providing an understanding of the optics relevant in current research. The course connects to real world problems through application examples to show that it is a short step between university studies and the knowledge and methods used in industrial development and research. Theories and models are tested in laboratory work and calculation steps to illustrate their usefulness and limitations.

The course consist of four parts (I-IV) which subheadings according to,
I. Wave optics: -Coherence theory, -Fourier optics, -Near field optics.
II. Material optics: -Optical response, -Dispersion models, -Inhomogeneous materials, -Layered structures.
III. Polarization optics: -Polarized light, -Polarizing components, -Polarization methods.
IV. Ray optics and particle optics: -Variation analysis, -Transformation optics, -Photon optics, -Electron and neutron optics

The lectures begin with brief repetitions of basic optics and then develop further into the more advanced concepts. The course also places great emphasis on the optical properties of materials and in many cases the theory is supplemented with application examples.

In the course many concepts are covered including:
Coherence, Doppler shift, Gaussian rays, Fourier optics, laser optics, fiber optics and optical waveguides, dispersion models, Kramers / Kronig relationships, polarizing materials, heterogeneous media, effective media concepts, Jones formalism, Stokes/Mueller formalism, spectrophotometry, polarimetry, ellipsometry, matrix formalism for optical systems, and ray-tracking methods.

In addition, guest lecturers provide insights into the optical research front.

Teaching and working methods

Preparation task covering the basic parts are available before lectures. The lectures are instead focused on more advanced parts of the subjects. An interaction with the class during the lectures is wanted. The knowledge is deepened and applied through special problem solving sessions, laboratory work and group assignments. Continuous examination is used to encourage active participation during the course.

Examination

KTR1Optional Assignments0 creditsU, G
UPG1Group Assignments1.5 creditsU, G
LAB1Laboratory Work1.5 creditsU, G
TEN1Written Examination3 creditsU, 3, 4, 5
KTR2Submodule of Written Examination0 creditsU, G

The optional assignments may give bonus points on the written exam.

Grades

Four-grade scale, LiU, U, 3, 4, 5

Other information

The course serves as a link between optics on a Bachelor level and specialized courses on Quantum optics, Solid state physics, Optoelectronics, Advanced electromagnetics, and Photonics.

Department

Institutionen för fysik, kemi och biologi

Course literature

Books

  • Arwin, Hans, (2021) Thin Film Optics and Polarized Light Edition 7 (the caeruleus edition)
  • Hecht, Eugene, Verfasser, (2017) Optics
    ISBN: 9781292096933, 1292096934
  • Nordling, Carl, Österman, Jonny, (2020) Physics handbook : for science and engineering. Ninth edition Lund : Studentlitteratur, [2020]
    ISBN: 9789144128061

Compendia

  • Järrendahl, Kenneth, Compendium for the course Modern Optics
    Can be downloaded from the course website (*.pdf)
Code Name Scope Grading scale
KTR1 Optional Assignments 0 credits U, G
UPG1 Group Assignments 1.5 credits U, G
LAB1 Laboratory Work 1.5 credits U, G
TEN1 Written Examination 3 credits U, 3, 4, 5
KTR2 Submodule of Written Examination 0 credits U, G

The optional assignments may give bonus points on the written exam.

Course syllabus

A syllabus must be established for each course. The syllabus specifies the aim and contents of the course, and the prior knowledge that a student must have in order to be able to benefit from the course.

Timetabling

Courses are timetabled after a decision has been made for this course concerning its assignment to a timetable module. 

Interruption in and deregistration from a course

The LiU decision, Guidelines concerning confirmation of participation in education (Dnr LiU-2020-02256), states that interruptions in study are to be recorded in Ladok. Thus, all students who do not participate in a course for which they have registered must record the interruption, such that the registration on the course can be removed. Deregistration from or interrupting a course is carried out using a web-based form: https://www.lith.liu.se/for-studenter/kurskomplettering?l=en

Cancelled courses and changes to the course syllabus

Courses with few participants (fewer than 10) may be cancelled or organised in a manner that differs from that stated in the course syllabus. The Dean is to deliberate and decide whether a course is to be cancelled or changed from the course syllabus. 

Guidelines relating to examinations and examiners 

For details, see Guidelines for education and examination for first-cycle and second-cycle education at Linköping University, Dnr LiU-2020-04501  (http://styrdokument.liu.se/Regelsamling/VisaBeslut/917592).

An examiner must be employed as a teacher at LiU according to the LiU Regulations for Appointments, Dnr LiU-2021-01204 (https://styrdokument.liu.se/Regelsamling/VisaBeslut/622784). For courses in second-cycle, the following teachers can be appointed as examiner: Professor (including Adjunct and Visiting Professor), Associate Professor (including Adjunct), Senior Lecturer (including Adjunct and Visiting Senior Lecturer), Research Fellow, or Postdoc. For courses in first-cycle, Assistant Lecturer (including Adjunct and Visiting Assistant Lecturer) can also be appointed as examiner in addition to those listed for second-cycle courses. In exceptional cases, a Part-time Lecturer can also be appointed as an examiner at both first- and second cycle, see Delegation of authority for the Board of Faculty of Science and Engineering.

Forms of examination

Principles for examination

Written and oral examinations and digital and computer-based examinations are held at least three times a year: once immediately after the end of the course, once in August, and once (usually) in one of the re-examination periods. Examinations held at other times are to follow a decision of the faculty programme board.

Principles for examination scheduling for courses that follow the study periods:

  • courses given in VT1 are examined for the first time in March, with re-examination in June and August
  • courses given in VT2 are examined for the first time in May, with re-examination in August and October
  • courses given in HT1 are examined for the first time in October, with re-examination in January and August
  • courses given in HT2 are examined for the first time in January, with re-examination in March and in August.

The examination schedule is based on the structure of timetable modules, but there may be deviations from this, mainly in the case of courses that are studied and examined for several programmes and in lower grades (i.e. 1 and 2). 

Examinations for courses that the faculty programme board has decided are to be held in alternate years are held three times during the school year in which the course is given according to the principles stated above.

Examinations for courses that are cancelled or rescheduled such that they are not given in one or several years are held three times during the year that immediately follows the course, with examination scheduling that corresponds to the scheduling that was in force before the course was cancelled or rescheduled.

When a course, or a written examination (TEN, DIT, DAT), is given for the last time, the regular examination and two re-examinations will be offered. Thereafter, examinations are phased out by offering three examinations during the following academic year at the same times as the examinations in any substitute course. If there is no substitute course, three examinations will be offered during re-examination periods during the following academic year. Other examination times are decided by the faculty programme board. In all cases above, the examination is also offered one more time during the academic year after the following, unless the faculty programme board decides otherwise. In total, 6 re-examinations are offered, of which 2 are regular re-examinations. In the examination registration system, the examinations given for the penultimate time and the last time are denoted. 

If a course is given during several periods of the year (for programmes, or on different occasions for different programmes) the faculty programme board or boards determine together the scheduling and frequency of re-examination occasions.

Retakes of other forms of examination

Regulations concerning retakes of other forms of examination than written examinations and digital and computer-based examinations are given in the LiU guidelines for examinations and examiners, http://styrdokument.liu.se/Regelsamling/VisaBeslut/917592.

Course closure

For Decision on Routines for Administration of the Discontinuation of Educational Programs, Freestanding Courses and Courses in Programs, see DNR LiU-2021-04782. After a decision on closure and after the end of the discontinuation period, the students are referred to a replacement course (or similar) according to information in the course syllabus or programme syllabus. If a student has passed some part/parts of a closed program course but not all, and there is an at least partially replacing course, an assessment of crediting can be made. Any crediting of course components is made by the examiner.

Registration for examination

In order to take an written, digital or computer-based examination, registration in advance is mandatory, see decision in the university’s rule book https://styrdokument.liu.se/Regelsamling/VisaBeslut/622682. An unregistered student can thus not be offered a place. The registration is done at the Student Portal or in the LiU-app during the registration period. The registration period opens 30 days before the date of the examination and closes 10 days before the date of the examination. Candidates are informed of the location of the examination by email, four days in advance. 

Code of conduct for students during examinations

Details are given in a decision in the university’s rule book: http://styrdokument.liu.se/Regelsamling/VisaBeslut/622682.

Retakes for higher grade

Students at the Institute of Technology at LiU have the right to retake written examinations and digital and computer-based examinations in an attempt to achieve a higher grade. This is valid for all examination components with code “TEN”, “DIT” and "DAT". The same right may not be exercised for other examination components, unless otherwise specified in the course syllabus.

A retake is not possible on courses that are included in an issued degree diploma. 

Grades

The grades that are preferably to be used are Fail (U), Pass (3), Pass not without distinction (4) and Pass with distinction (5). 

  • Grades U, 3, 4, 5 are to be awarded for courses that have written or digital examinations.
  • Grades Fail (U) and Pass (G) may be awarded for courses with a large degree of practical components such as laboratory work, project work and group work.
  • Grades Fail (U) and Pass (G) are to be used for degree projects and other independent work.

Examination components

The following examination components and associated module codes are used at the Faculty of Science and Engineering:

  • Grades U, 3, 4, 5 are to be awarded for written examinations (TEN) and digital examinations (DIT).
  • Examination components for which the grades Fail (U) and Pass (G) may be awarded are laboratory work (LAB), project work (PRA), preparatory written examination (KTR), digital preparatory written examination (DIK), oral examination (MUN), computer-based examination (DAT), home assignment (HEM), and assignment (UPG).
  • Students receive grades either Fail (U) or Pass (G) for other examination components in which the examination criteria are satisfied principally through active attendance such as tutorial group (BAS) or examination item (MOM).
  • Grades Fail (U) and Pass (G) are to be used for the examination components Opposition (OPPO) and Attendance at thesis presentation (AUSK) (i.e. part of the degree project).

In general, the following applies:

  • Mandatory course components must be scored and given a module code.
  • Examination components that are not scored, cannot be mandatory. Hence, it is voluntary to participate in these examinations, and the voluntariness must be clearly stated. Additionally, if there are any associated conditions to the examination component, these must be clearly stated as well.
  • For courses with more than one examination component with grades U,3,4,5, it shall be clearly stated how the final grade is weighted.

For mandatory components, the following applies (in accordance with the LiU Guidelines for education and examination for first-cycle and second-cycle education at Linköping University, http://styrdokument.liu.se/Regelsamling/VisaBeslut/917592): 

  • If special circumstances prevail, and if it is possible with consideration of the nature of the compulsory component, the examiner may decide to replace the compulsory component with another equivalent component.

For possibilities to alternative forms of examinations, the following applies (in accordance with the LiU Guidelines for education and examination for first-cycle and second-cycle education at Linköping University, http://styrdokument.liu.se/Regelsamling/VisaBeslut/917592): 

  • If the LiU coordinator for students with disabilities has granted a student the right to an adapted examination for a written examination in an examination hall, the student has the right to it.
  • If the coordinator has recommended for the student an adapted examination or alternative form of examination, the examiner may grant this if the examiner assesses that it is possible, based on consideration of the course objectives.
  • An examiner may also decide that an adapted examination or alternative form of examination if the examiner assessed that special circumstances prevail, and the examiner assesses that it is possible while maintaing the objectives of the course.

Reporting of examination results

The examination results for a student are reported at the relevant department.

Plagiarism

For examinations that involve the writing of reports, in cases in which it can be assumed that the student has had access to other sources (such as during project work, writing essays, etc.), the material submitted must be prepared in accordance with principles for acceptable practice when referring to sources (references or quotations for which the source is specified) when the text, images, ideas, data, etc. of other people are used. It is also to be made clear whether the author has reused his or her own text, images, ideas, data, etc. from previous examinations, such as degree projects, project reports, etc. (this is sometimes known as “self-plagiarism”).

A failure to specify such sources may be regarded as attempted deception during examination.

Attempts to cheat

In the event of a suspected attempt by a student to cheat during an examination, or when study performance is to be assessed as specified in Chapter 10 of the Higher Education Ordinance, the examiner is to report this to the disciplinary board of the university. Possible consequences for the student are suspension from study and a formal warning. More information is available at https://www.student.liu.se/studenttjanster/lagar-regler-rattigheter?l=en.

Regulations (apply to LiU in its entirety)

The university is a government agency whose operations are regulated by legislation and ordinances, which include the Higher Education Act and the Higher Education Ordinance. In addition to legislation and ordinances, operations are subject to several policy documents. The Linköping University rule book collects currently valid decisions of a regulatory nature taken by the university board, the vice-chancellor and faculty/department boards.

LiU’s rule book for education at first-cycle and second-cycle levels is available at http://styrdokument.liu.se/Regelsamling/Innehall/Utbildning_pa_grund-_och_avancerad_niva

Books

Arwin, Hans, (2021) Thin Film Optics and Polarized Light Edition 7 (the caeruleus edition)
Hecht, Eugene, Verfasser, (2017) Optics

ISBN: 9781292096933, 1292096934

Nordling, Carl, Österman, Jonny, (2020) Physics handbook : for science and engineering. Ninth edition Lund : Studentlitteratur, [2020]

ISBN: 9789144128061

Compendia

Järrendahl, Kenneth, Compendium for the course Modern Optics

Can be downloaded from the course website (*.pdf)

Note: The course matrix might contain more information in Swedish.

I = Introduce, U = Teach, A = Utilize
I U A Modules Comment
1. DISCIPLINARY KNOWLEDGE AND REASONING
1.1 Knowledge of underlying mathematics and science (G1X level)
X
X
X
UPG1
LAB1
TEN1

                            
1.2 Fundamental engineering knowledge (G1X level)
X

                            
1.3 Further knowledge, methods, and tools in one or several subjects in engineering or natural science (G2X level)
X
X
UPG1
LAB1
TEN1

                            
1.4 Advanced knowledge, methods, and tools in one or several subjects in engineering or natural sciences (A1X level)
X
X
UPG1
LAB1
TEN1

                            
1.5 Insight into current research and development work
X
X
UPG1
LAB1

                            
2. PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL SKILLS AND ATTRIBUTES
2.1 Analytical reasoning and problem solving
X
X
UPG1
LAB1
TEN1

                            
2.2 Experimentation, investigation, and knowledge discovery
X
UPG1
LAB1

                            
2.3 System thinking

                            
2.4 Attitudes, thought, and learning
X

                            
2.5 Ethics, equity, and other responsibilities

                            
3. INTERPERSONAL SKILLS: TEAMWORK AND COMMUNICATION
3.1 Teamwork
X
X
UPG1
LAB1

                            
3.2 Communications
X
X
KTR1
UPG1
LAB1

                            
3.3 Communication in foreign languages
X

                            
4. CONCEIVING, DESIGNING, IMPLEMENTING AND OPERATING SYSTEMS IN THE ENTERPRISE, SOCIETAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTEXT
4.1 External, societal, and environmental context
X

                            
4.2 Enterprise and business context

                            
4.3 Conceiving, system engineering and management

                            
4.4 Designing

                            
4.5 Implementing

                            
4.6 Operating

                            
5. PLANNING, EXECUTION AND PRESENTATION OF RESEARCH DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS WITH RESPECT TO SCIENTIFIC AND SOCIETAL NEEDS AND REQUIREMENTS
5.1 Societal conditions, including economic, social, and ecological aspects of sustainable development for knowledge development
X

                            
5.2 Economic conditions for knowledge development

                            
5.3 Identification of needs, structuring and planning of research or development projects

                            
5.4 Execution of research or development projects
X

                            
5.5 Presentation and evaluation of research or development projects
X

                            

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